FocusStatuses/modes of adolescent identity
- Knowledge is … range of possible identity statuses
- Knowing is … an identity status
- Learner is … an adolescent
- Learning is … exploring identifications
- Teaching is … N/A
SynopsisIdentity Status Theory is an elaboration of Psychosocial Development Theory. Identity Status Theory replaces the suggestion that adolescence involves a need to resolve an “Identity vs. Role Confusion” tension with the assertion that adolescence is more about exploration of identifications from a range of life domains (e.g., social groups, religion, vocation, gender roles). Four identity statuses are proposed: identity diffusion (no sense of having choices), identity foreclosure (willingness to commit to some roles), identity moratorium (crisis of choice among commitments), and identity achievement (a commitment to a sense of identity).
CommentaryAs with many 20th-century Developmental Discourses, the research subjects for Identity Status Theory were mainly white American males, presenting complex gender, racial, classist, and cultural limitations.
Authors and/or Prominent InfluencesJames Marcia
Status as a Theory of LearningIdentity Status Theory is a theory of learning … mainly about oneself.
Status as a Theory of TeachingIdentity Status Theory is not a theory of teaching.
Status as a Scientific TheoryIdentity Status Theory has a very limited empirical basis, although it has a strong intuitive appeal in western societies.
Please cite this article as:
Davis, B., & Francis, K. (2019). “Identity Status Theory” in Discourses on Learning in Education. https://learningdiscourses.com.
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