Download PDF a posteriori Discourses a priori Discourses Acquisition Metaphor Action Learning Action Theory Active Learning Activist Discourses Activity Theory Activity- and Experience-Focused Discourses Activity-Dependent Plasticity Actor–Network Theory Adaptive Learning Affordance Theory Alternative Education Anchored Instruction Andragogy Animal Cognition Applied Behavior Analysis Artificial Intelligence Assessment and Evaluation Association-Making Strategies Associationism Associative Learning Associative Sequence Learning Attainment Metaphor Attribution Theory Authentic Learning Backward Design Behavior Management Behavior Modification Behaviorisms Blended Learning Bloom's Taxonomy Brain-as-Computer Discourses Brain-Based Learning Case-Based Learning Categorization Strategies Challenge-Based Learning Choice Learning Chunking Classical Conditioning Cognitive Apprenticeship Cognitive Architecture Cognitive Bias Cognitive Biology Cognitive Developmentalisms Cognitive Dissonance 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Socio-Cultural-Focused Discourses Socratic Method Spatial Reasoning Stages of Change Theory Stages of Understanding Models Stimulus Sampling Theory Structural Learning Theory **Structuralism Studio-Based Learning Subsumption Theory Symbol Systems **Symbolic Interactionism Syntonic Learning Systems Psychology Tabula rasa Technology-Mediated Individual Learning Threshold Concept Theory Transformative Learning Transformative Pedagogy **Transhumanism U-Learning Unaffiliated Discourses **Universal Darwinism Universal Design for Learning Variation Theory Virtual Community of Practice Visible Learning Visualization Well-Being Discourses Zone Theory of Child Development

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Defining Themes of EDUCATION

conservation/maintenance (of knowledge)

preparation (for adult life)

enabling (the individual)

empowering (democratic citizens)

anticipating (the future)

Key Metaphors of TEACHING

delivering/transmitting

training/conditioning

guiding/facilitating

occasioning/orienting

modeling/engaging/involving

designing

mentoring/empowering

co-evolving

Key Metaphors of LEARNERS

passive recipient

manipulable entity

active agent

interactive participant

nested system

Key Metaphors of LEARNING

getting

encoding

connecting

construing

adapting

participating

expanding the possible

living

Discourses on Influencing Learning

Discourses on Interpreting Learning

Broad Categories

UNSCIENTIFIC (inattentive to assumptions; tendency toward uncritical, entailment-heavy assertions about learning)

QUASI-SCIENTIFIC or LIMITED-SCIENTIFIC(lacking some critical element associated with robust, scientific knowledge)

SCIENTIFIC(robustly theorized and empirically grounded, aimed at innovative contributions to understanding learning)

**signifies HIJACKED or ADAPTED (not originally formulated or intended as discourses on or associated with learning)