Intelligence Amplification


Cognitive Augmentation
Intelligence Augmentation
Machine Augmented Intelligence


Surpassing current human limitations

Principal Metaphors

  • Knowledge is … scope of possibilities (for thinking and acting)
  • Knowing is … appropriately interpreting and/or acting
  • Learner is … a technologically enhanced individual
  • Learning is … expanding one’s repertoire of possibilities
  • Teaching is … N/A




Intelligence Amplification is an umbrella term used to refer to the uses of information technologies to augment human intelligence.


Intelligence Amplification is an uncontroversial notion. The few concerns that are voiced on the topic tend be focused on debating whether technological augmentations are transformations (i.e., fundamentally changing the cognizing agent) or add-ons (i.e., mere peripherals).

Authors and/or Prominent Influences

William Ross Ashby; C. R. Licklider; Douglas Engelbart

Status as a Theory of Learning

See Human Enhancement.

Status as a Theory of Teaching

See Human Enhancement.

Status as a Scientific Theory

See Human Enhancement.

Map Location

Please cite this article as:
Davis, B., & Francis, K. (2021). “Intelligence Amplification” in Discourses on Learning in Education.

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