FocusEnhancing individual knowledge through re-presenting content
- Knowledge is … scope of possible actions and interpretations
- Knowing is … re-presenting integrated understandings (sufficient for teaching content)
- Learner is … teacher
- Learning is … synthesizing knowledge to re-present
- Teaching is … guiding, supporting, and augmenting student-taught lessons
SynopsisLearning by Teaching is a strategy where students learn material through preparing and teaching lessons to other students. Students are encouraged to experiment with different methods and are responsible for ensuring that other students understand the material. Students’ teaching is supported by the classroom teacher. Associated constructs include:
- Protégé Effect – essentially, an updating of the insight, from Roman philosopher Seneca (c. 4 BCE – 65 CE), that “While we teach, we learn.” The Protégé Effect is an acknowledgement of the enhanced insights into subject matter that can accompany efforts to support others’ understandings.
CommentaryRather than providing insights into the complex dynamics of learning, Learning by Teaching is focused on providing advice for structuring classroom practice. One specific technique of teaching seems especially problematic – namely teaching to inanimate objects (for example, explaining programming code to a rubber duck) – as it removes the social dimensions and benefits (e.g., peer feedback) of the process.
Authors and/or Prominent InfluencesJean-Pol Martin
Status as a Theory of LearningLearning by Teaching is not a theory of learning.
Status as a Theory of TeachingLearning by Teaching is a theory of teaching because it offers techniques for structuring practices for students to represent – that is, teach content – to other students.
Status as a Scientific TheoryLearning by Teaching is more concerned with influencing learning than offering new insight into the complex dynamics of learning. However, it draws on Embodiment Discourses and it is supported by some empirical evidence.
- Protégé Effect
Please cite this article as:
Davis, B., & Francis, K. (2022). “Learning by Teaching” in Discourses on Learning in Education. https://learningdiscourses.com.
⇦ Back to Map
⇦ Back to List