Rotation Model of Learning


Teacher-directed blending of face-to-face and online learning

Principal Metaphors

The Rotation Model of Learning is not explicit about or aligned with any theory of learning. Direct references to learning are most often suggestive of Folk Theories, in particular, the Acquisition Metaphor:
  • Knowledge is … material
  • Knowing is … mastered material
  • Learner is … a container (individual)
  • Learning is … acquiring
  • Teaching is … facilitating, orchestrating




The Rotation Model of Learning is an umbrella frame that encompasses different teacher-managed combinations of face-to-face and on-screen learning. The model is intended to promote greater opportunities for collaborative work, independent practice, and teacher-led small-group instruction.


There are few direct criticisms of the Rotation Model of Learning, but there are frequent concerns voiced about the conditions that might contribute to its necessity – such as dominant modes of pedagogy, inadequate resourcing of schools, and curricula that have not kept pace with societal evolutions. Concerns have also been voiced on the demands on the teacher, which shift heavily toward management of activities and away from a focus on the subject matter.

Authors and/or Prominent Influences


Status as a Theory of Learning

The Rotation Model of Learning is not a theory of learning.

Status as a Theory of Teaching

The Rotation Model of Learning is a perspective on influencing learning through managing activities, but it is a bit of a stretch to call it a theory of teaching.

Status as a Scientific Theory

Through research associated with some of its near relatives, Rotation Model of Learning can be said to be supported by some empirical evidence. However, its proponents do not appear to be at all attentive to the metaphors and other theoretical commitments that drive the discourse. As such, it cannot be described as a scientific theory according to our criteria.

Map Location

Please cite this article as:
Davis, B., & Francis, K. (2020). “Rotation Model of Learning” in Discourses on Learning in Education.

⇦ Back to Map
⇦ Back to List